IJIET 2018 Vol.8(12): 868-873 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2018.8.12.1155

Effectiveness of AR Books on "Calligraphy with Parallel Pens" towards the Pre-service Teachers’ Capability of Instructional Media

Nuttaphong Kanchanachaya and Kanita Nitjarunkul

Abstract—The purposes of this study were to (1) create the AR books on hand lettering calligraphy with parallel pens; (2) examine the usage effect on the pre-service teachers’ production capability of instructional media; and (3) investigate the satisfaction level towards the AR books. The sample comprised 123 pre-service teachers who were enrolled in Educational Technology and Innovation. Data collection utilized the following research instruments: (1) The AR books on hand lettering calligraphy with parallel pens; (2) A test form of instructional media production capability; and (3) A survey on pre-service teachers’ satisfaction towards the AR books. The data was analyzed in percentage, mean, standard deviation, and t-test.
The findings suggested that 1) the AR books on hand lettering calligraphy with parallel pens were created with high quality at a mean score of 4.45 whereas the E1/E2 efficiency scores were also as high as 83.95 and 82.57, respectively; 2) the use of the AR books enhanced the production capability of instructional media with .05 significance level when compared to the traditional method used by the control group; and 3) the pre-service teachers were the highest level satisfied to AR books with a mean satisfaction score of 4.53.

Index Terms—Augmented-reality technology, augmented-reality book, instructional media production, hand lettering calligraphy capability.

The authors are with the Department of Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand (e-mail: kanchanachaya@gmail.com, nkanita52@gmail.com).

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Cite: Nuttaphong Kanchanachaya and Kanita Nitjarunkul, "Effectiveness of AR Books on "Calligraphy with Parallel Pens" towards the Pre-service Teachers’ Capability of Instructional Media," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 868-873, 2018.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), EI(INSPEC, IET), EBSCO, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref, etc.
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net