Abstract—As mobile devices have become a part of our everyday life, there is a lot of research going on how to make this technology more productive for the students. Most of the research studies have indicated that, mobile devices are very useful for students while a few research studies negates its effectiveness. In this paper, we have presented the literature survey conducted on the use of mobile technologies in the field of Teaching and Learning (T&L). These studies are broadly classified into three areas: Impact and learning environment; specific applications; and mobile learning framework. We will be exploring all these areas in this paper. Our review in impact and environment of mobile learning indicates that the use of mobile technology is nourishing the knowledge and learning of students in most cases. Our review on specific applications of mobile learning reveals positive impacts on learning in various fields but the key concern raised was difficulties in implementing them and not having proper control guideline. Moreover, our review on frameworks for mobile learning indicates that there are different frameworks developed for different applications. Most of the applications are limited to non-technical areas. However, we can observed that there is a lack of connectivity between course development and framework for mobile learning. Therefore, the future course developers need to address the gap by taking into account of learners’ behavior in using mobile devices and their cultures to enrich student engagement and learning.
Index Terms—Application areas, learning environment, learning framework, learning impact, mobile learning.
Sadia Aziz, Rajan Kadel, Deepani B. Guruge, and Krishna Paudel are with School of IT and Engineering of Melbourne Institute of Technology, Australia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Vanaja Karagiannidis is with School of Business Melbourne Institute of Technology, Australia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).