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How Can Flipped Classroom Develop Critical Thinking Skills? A Literature Review

Benedecta Indah Nugraheni, Herman Dwi Surjono, and Gregorius Punto Aji

Abstract—This review aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of how the flipped classroom can give the positive effects on developing students’ critical thinking skills. Data were collected from four databases, which included Google Scholar, ResearchGate, EBSCO, and Emerald. This study synthesized the findings of 16 studies published from 2015 to 2020. The results revealed that there were many learning activities that could be designed in a flipped classroom both outside and inside the classroom so that it allowed students to be actively involved in learning, flipped classrooms could also be integrated with other learning methods and utilize various technologies to increase their effectiveness in developing students’ critical thinking skills.

Index Terms—Critical thinking, flipped classroom, flipped learning.

Benedecta Indah Nugraheni is with the Graduate Program of Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281; and the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia (e-mail: benedectaindah.2020@student.uny.ac.id, ben_indah@usd.ac.id).
Herman Dwi Surjono is with the Graduate Program of Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia (e-mail: hermansurjono@uny.ac.id).
Gregorius Punto Aji is with the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia (e-mail: punto@usd.ac.id).

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Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref, etc.
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net

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