Factors Affecting e-Learning Acceptance among Students: The Moderating Effect of Self-efficacy
Muhammad Safuan Abdul Latip, Masliana Tamrin, Ismayaza Noh, Faizatul Akmal Rahim, and Siti Nur Nadhirah Abdul Latip
Abstract—This paper aims to investigate e-learning acceptance in Malaysian higher education institutions and the moderating effect of self-efficacy. This study is crucial as online and distance learning have grown in all education sectors due to the COVID-19 pandemic. A valid sample of 414 survey responses from active students currently enrolled in undergraduate and postgraduate levels in Malaysian higher education institutions was collected for data analysis. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was employed in the data analysis. Results indicate that all four exogenous variables (performance expectancy, social influence, perceived enjoyment, and self-efficacy) significantly affect students’ acceptance towards e-learning. However, only performance expectancy and social influence are moderated by self-efficacy towards acceptance of e-learning, as self-efficacy does significantly strengthen the relationship of performance expectancy and social influence towards e-learning acceptance. The findings may serve as a reference point for future studies in response to changing the learning method preferences and technological advancements.
Index Terms—E-learning, self-efficacy, student acceptance, Malaysian higher education, UTAUT.
Muhammad Safuan Abdul Latip is with the Faculty of Hotel and Tourism Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Terengganu Kampus Dungun, Terengganu, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com).
Masliana Tamrin is with the Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Melaka Kampus Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia (corresponding author; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Ismayaza Noh is with the Faculty of Hotel and Tourism Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Selangor Kampus Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com).
Faizatul Akmal Rahim is with the Kolej GENIUS@Pintar Negara, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Siti Nur Nadhirah Abdul Latip is with the Graduate School of Business, Universiti Tun Abdul Razak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com).
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