Abstract—The article presents an exploratory and descriptive study of the failure rate of students of the professional school of mechanical and electrical engineering of a public university in Peru. The purpose is to identify if the level of failure has experienced any positive or negative variation when moving from the context of face-to-face education to virtual education, due to the state of health emergency. This study makes it possible to demonstrate an initial reference state, relevant for decision-making at the level of university academic management, through strategies that will increase the approval rate of this professional school. The results obtained indicate that the level of failure of the students has experienced a positive variation when moving from the face-to-face context to the virtual one, due to the increase in the average rate of failure from 25% to 34%. The results are equivalent to 242 students failed during the context of face-to-face education, and 438 students failed during the context of virtual education. In addition, it is visualized that the specialty subjects, where there are the largest number of failed students, are linked to the area of electrical engineering. Being the subject of Electrical Machines I, the one with the highest failure rate, with a total average of 43% during the context of face-to-face education and 48% during virtual education.
Index Terms—Failure rate, university students, variation, face-to-face education, virtual education.
Omar Chamorro Atalaya is with the Universidad Nacional Tecnológica de Lima Sur, Perú (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Salvador Apolinar Trujillo Pérez is with the Universidad Nacional del Callao, Perú (e-mail: email@example.com).
Edison Martin Perez Linares is with the Universidad César Vallejo, Perú.
Almintor Giovanni Torres Quiroz is with the Universidad Nacional del Callao, Perú (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Yurfa Carolina Medina Bedón is with the Universidad Nacional Enrique Guzmán y Valle, Perú (e-mail: email@example.com).
Lourdes Del Pilar Quevedo Sanchez is with the Universidad César Vallejo, Perú (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Maritte Giovanna Fierro Bravo is with the Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal, Perú (e-mail: email@example.com).
Antenor Leva Apaza is with the Universidad Tecnológica del Perú, Perú (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).