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IJIET 2021 Vol.11(2): 52-58 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2021.11.2.1489

Analysis on the e-Learning Method in Malaysia with AHP-VIKOR Model

Lam Weng Siew, Lam Weng Hoe, Liew Kah Fai, Mohd Abidin Bakar, and Sim Jun Xian

Abstract—A lot of educational institutions are facing the problem in conducting the physical classes due to COVID-19 pandemic recently. Therefore, most of the medium of teaching has been changed from a face-to-face method to online teaching. These changes may create some challenges to the students as well as the teachers or lecturers. In fact, different learning methods have their own strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the preference of E-learning method among the undergraduate students based on multiple criteria. This study determines the priority of decision criteria in the selection of learning methods among the undergraduate students using Analytic Hierarchy Process-VIseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (AHP-VIKOR) model. The decision criteria that considered in this study are quality management system, information quality, flexibility, learning and teaching as well as attractiveness. Besides, blended learning, distance learning, and e-learning are identified as the alternatives of the learning methods as well as the most preferred learning method is determined in this study. The results of this study show that the most preferred learning method among undergraduate students is E-learning, followed by distance learning, and finally blended learning. Flexibility, information quality, and quality management system are ranked as the top three influential decision criteria. The significance of this study is to determine the most preferred learning method as well as the most influential decision criteria in the selection of learning methods among undergraduate students with AHP-VIKOR model.

Index Terms—AHP-VIKOR, e-learning, distance learning, blended learning, priority.

The authors are with the Department of Physical and Mathematical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kampar Campus, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Barat, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia (e-mail: lamws@utar.edu.my, whlam@utar.edu.my, liewkf@utar.edu.my, abidin@utar.edu.my, simjunxian@1utar.edu.my).

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Cite: Lam Weng Siew, Lam Weng Hoe, Liew Kah Fai, Mohd Abidin Bakar, and Sim Jun Xian, "Analysis on the e-Learning Method in Malaysia with AHP-VIKOR Model," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 52-58, 2021.

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref, etc.
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net

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