Abstract—A lot of educational institutions are facing the
problem in conducting the physical classes due to COVID-19
pandemic recently. Therefore, most of the medium of teaching
has been changed from a face-to-face method to online teaching.
These changes may create some challenges to the students as
well as the teachers or lecturers. In fact, different learning
methods have their own strengths and weaknesses. Therefore,
this study aims to analyze the preference of E-learning method
among the undergraduate students based on multiple criteria.
This study determines the priority of decision criteria in the
selection of learning methods among the undergraduate
students using Analytic Hierarchy Process-VIseKriterijumska
Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (AHP-VIKOR) model.
The decision criteria that considered in this study are quality
management system, information quality, flexibility, learning
and teaching as well as attractiveness. Besides, blended learning,
distance learning, and e-learning are identified as the
alternatives of the learning methods as well as the most
preferred learning method is determined in this study. The
results of this study show that the most preferred learning
method among undergraduate students is E-learning, followed
by distance learning, and finally blended learning. Flexibility,
information quality, and quality management system are
ranked as the top three influential decision criteria. The
significance of this study is to determine the most preferred
learning method as well as the most influential decision criteria
in the selection of learning methods among undergraduate
students with AHP-VIKOR model.
Index Terms—AHP-VIKOR, e-learning, distance learning, blended learning, priority.
The authors are with the Department of Physical and Mathematical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kampar Campus, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Barat, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite: Lam Weng Siew, Lam Weng Hoe, Liew Kah Fai, Mohd Abidin Bakar, and Sim Jun Xian, "Analysis on the e-Learning Method in Malaysia with AHP-VIKOR Model," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 52-58, 2021.Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).