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IJIET 2020 Vol.10(7): 505-510 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2020.10.7.1415

Learning Effectiveness and Efficiency in Tertiary Mathematics Education under Core-and-Spoke Model

Chia-Ying Khor, Fang-Fang Chua, and Tek-Yong Lim

Abstract—In Malaysia, traditional teaching approach is still the most common approach used in the tertiary mathematics education. Under the traditional teaching approach, students learn mathematics through rote-learning and being “spoon-fed”. Traditional teaching approach may lead to students have loss of interest in learning mathematics and consequently, students seriously do not reach in-depth understanding of mathematics. This shows that students do not learn mathematics effectively and efficiently. The motivation of this research is to find out student’s learning effectiveness and efficiency in learning the tertiary mathematics course under a designed blended learning approach that incorporates the core-and-spoke model. A preliminary statistical analysis is conducted at early stage to give a better understanding on the collected data. The analysis of student’s learning effectiveness is carried out based on the student’s learning outcome achievement and learning satisfaction. Technical efficiency in data envelopment analysis (DEA) is employed to evaluate the student’s learning efficiency. The results show that the students not only have more interest in learning the tertiary mathematics, but also they are able to learn in a more effective and efficient way under the designed blended learning approach.

Index Terms—Blended learning, learning effectiveness, learning efficiency, tertiary mathematics.

Chia-Ying Khor, Fang-Fang Chua, and Tek-Yong Lim are with the Faculty of Computing and Informatics, Multimedia University, Malaysia (e-mail: cykhor@mmu.edu.my, ffchua@mmu.edu.my, tylim@mmu.edu.my).


Cite:Chia-Ying Khor, Fang-Fang Chua, and Tek-Yong Lim, "Learning Effectiveness and Efficiency in Tertiary Mathematics Education under Core-and-Spoke Model," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 505-510, 2020.

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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