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IJIET 2022 Vol.12(2): 150-156 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2022.12.2.1598

Effectiveness of Virtual Laboratories in Science Education: A Meta-Analysis

Marc Lancer Santos and Maricar Prudente

Abstract—The development of technologies had transformed the way we deliver our instruction to the students. Many researchers and teachers alike are advocating for the integration of technology into their instruction as it provides promising results. One key aspect as to which technology can be of great help is through virtual laboratory activities. This meta-analysis offered information on the effectiveness of using virtual laboratory activities to student achievement. Results of the meta-analysis revealed a medium effect size (g = 0.587) towards the use of virtual laboratories. The subject area and level of study were used as subgrouping to further explore the effectiveness of conducting virtual laboratories.

Index Terms—Educational technology, laboratory activities, meta-analysis, virtual laboratories.

The authors are with De La Salle University – Manila, Philippines (e-mail: marc_lancer_santos_a@dlsu.edu.ph, maricar.prudente@dlsu.edu.ph).


Cite: Marc Lancer Santos and Maricar Prudente, "Effectiveness of Virtual Laboratories in Science Education: A Meta-Analysis," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 150-156, 2022.

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Jon-Chao Hong
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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