Abstract—Ontologies provide a machine-processable
description of entities and their properties, relationships and
constraints, thus they can depict the semantics of disaster
situations and related emergency tasks and thereby help to
create connections between them for an efficient emergency
response. As an ontology acts as the basic structure and
knowledge base of an application, evaluation and assessment of
the ontology are a critical point of the development process.
Through the evaluation, the quality and the content of the
ontology is assessed and it ensures that the ontology is well built,
structured and contains all important concepts and
relationships between them for sufficient reasoning. In this
paper, an evaluation framework is proposed to evaluate an
emergency situation ontology for which existing evaluation
methods have been combined into a single framework, dividing
the methods used into two phases: verification and validation.
The verification of the ontology ensures that the ontology is
correctly built. It evaluates the structure, functionality and
representation of the ontology. Different metrics and common
pitfalls are used to detect errors. The validation of the ontology
ensures that the right ontology for the given application is built.
This is achieved by competency questions and expert
Index Terms—Evaluation framework, emergency situation, ontology, verification, validation.
S. Jain is with the National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
V. Meyer is with the Universitaet of Osnabrueck, Osnabrueck, Germany (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Sarika Jain and Valerie Meyer, "Evaluation and Refinement of Emergency Situation Ontology," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 713-719, 2018.