Abstract—This paper studies the connotation and structure of Chinese college teachers' psychological capital by means of literature deductive, interview and questionnaire. The results show that the connotation of Chinese college teachers' psychological capital refers to their psychological elements and abilities that meet the standard of positive organization behavior, promote job performance and belong to the state-like. Besides, those elements are able to be developed and measured. Its structural dimension belongs to the second-order two-factor and eight dimensions. During eight dimensions interpersonal psychological capital includes four dimensions, tolerance, respect, modesty and dedication. Transactional psychological capital also includes four dimensions, confidence, hope, enterprise and resiliency. Through reliability test, the α coefficients of eight dimension are more than 0.7. Among them the α coefficient of interpersonal psychological capital is 0.842, transactional psychological capital 0.888, integral structure o.955 and content validity inspection value 8.96 which shows the good structure and content validity. The study not only establishes the foundation for the research on the measurement, features and influencing factors of college teachers' psychological capital and enriches the theory of psychological capital, but also provides theoretical basis and reference for human resource management and sustainable development of college physical education teachers.
Index Terms—Psychological capital, HRM (human resource management), connotation; structure.
Wang Bin is with Sport and Health Science College of Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang, 321004, China (e-mail: email@example.com). Lanzhen Zhu is with Yiwu Industrial and Commercial College, Yiwu, 321004, China (corresponding author; email:firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Wang Bin and Lanzhen Zhu, "The Research on the Connotation and Structure of Chinese College Teachers' Psychological Capital," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 460-465, 2020.Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).