Abstract—Online testing has been widely used in Chinese
universities due to the development of distance education and
the outbreak of COVID-19. The current research uses a
design-based research (DBR) method aiming to design,
implement, and assess remote proctoring of Chinese
undergraduates and to further promote its effectiveness at
Chinese universities. Across three iterations, a combination of
qualitative data collection and analysis procedures were used to
investigate the design of the remote proctoring. The results
show that remote proctoring designers should add some new
features to the remote proctoring and take into account
test-takers’ mentality. Finally, the study provides implications
in designing remote proctoring.
Index Terms—Remote proctoring, design-based research, online testing, misbehaviors.
Jining Han, Rentong Pan, and Yuxin Gao are with the Faculty of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Beibei Ren is with the Department of World Languages, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Jining Han, Rentong Pan, Yuxin Gao, and Beibei Ren, "Using Design Based Research to Redesign Remote Proctoring for Online Learning Environments," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 517-522, 2021.Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).