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IJIET 2021 Vol.11(11): 517-522 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2021.11.11.1559

Using Design Based Research to Redesign Remote Proctoring for Online Learning Environments

Jining Han, Rentong Pan, Yuxin Gao, and Beibei Ren

Abstract—Online testing has been widely used in Chinese universities due to the development of distance education and the outbreak of COVID-19. The current research uses a design-based research (DBR) method aiming to design, implement, and assess remote proctoring of Chinese undergraduates and to further promote its effectiveness at Chinese universities. Across three iterations, a combination of qualitative data collection and analysis procedures were used to investigate the design of the remote proctoring. The results show that remote proctoring designers should add some new features to the remote proctoring and take into account test-takers’ mentality. Finally, the study provides implications in designing remote proctoring.

Index Terms—Remote proctoring, design-based research, online testing, misbehaviors.

Jining Han, Rentong Pan, and Yuxin Gao are with the Faculty of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China (e-mail: jininghan@swu.edu.cn, ppt7055@swu.edu.cn, gaoyuxin827@swu.edu.cn).
Beibei Ren is with the Department of World Languages, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA (e-mail: beibeiren@usf.edu).


Cite: Jining Han, Rentong Pan, Yuxin Gao, and Beibei Ren, "Using Design Based Research to Redesign Remote Proctoring for Online Learning Environments," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 517-522, 2021.

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref, etc.
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net

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