Abstract—Knowledge of formulaic language is crucial for
second-language learners, where it needs to be applied to
engage with others in daily activities. Teaching formulaic
sequences (FS) in language classrooms is likely to increase
learners’ saliency and awareness of the sequences, promote
their usage and achieve fluency. Pedagogically, special attention
needs to be paid to teaching techniques of FS in English as a
second language (ESL) or English as foreign language (EFL)
classrooms, especially now that most classrooms have been
moved to online platforms such as google classrooms, WebEx,
zoom and many more. It is important to understand if learning
through an online platform will have the same effect as in the
traditional classroom. Through quasi-experimental approach,
this study looks into the effect of typographic enhancement (TE)
on learners noticing formulaic sequences from reading. ESL
learners in this study read passages from two versions: a)
highlighted and bold formulaic sequences, and b) without any
highlighting and bold enhancement. Learners were afterwards
to identify the FS they remembered encountering in the texts.
The findings revealed that there is a positive effect among the
low proficiency learners in the experimental group compared to
the control group, through an online platform.
Index Terms—Typographic enhancement, formulaic sequence, English as a second language (ESL), online learning
The authors are with Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia.
*Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org (M.S.)
Cite: Masturah Sabri*, Faizahani Ab Rahman, and Aliff Nawi, "Noticing Formulaic Sequence through Typographic Enhancement Technique: Using an Online Platform," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 712-717, 2023.Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).