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General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-3689
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref and ProQuest
    • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net
Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
University of South Australia, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJIET. The journal publishes good papers which focous on the advanced researches in the field of information and education technology. Hopefully, IJIET will become a recognized journal among the scholars in the filed of information and education technology.
IJIET 2016 Vol.6(5): 357-364 ISSN: 2010-3689
DOI: 10.7763/IJIET.2016.V6.714

Development and Validation of the Online Cooperative Learning Anxiety Scale

Hiroki Yoshida, Seiji Tani, Tomoko Uchida, Jitsuko Masui, Minori Fukushima, and Akira Nakayama
Abstract—Anxiety is considered to be one of the key psychological contributing factors to learners’ behavior, attitude and achievements in online cooperative learning. Online cooperative learning requires learners to operate the Internetbased learning system properly, learn autonomously and cooperate with others effectively with the aim of accomplishing a specific goal. In such a learning situation, it is anticipated that some learners might feel uneasy or fearful about using a computer and the Internet, monitoring and regulating their learning process, and communicating and collaborating with new acquaintances. However, few studies have focused on social aspects of learners’ anxiety in online cooperative learning. This study purposed to identify learners’ anxiety in online cooperative learning situations, and to develop and validate the online cooperative learning scale (OCLAS). As a result, 13 anxiety statements were identified as items for the OCLAS which includes three sub-scales: computer anxiety, communication anxiety, and online learning anxiety.

Index Terms—Anxiety, cooperative learning, computer-mediated communication, scale development, online learning.

Hiroki Yoshida, Seiji Tani, Jitsuko Masui, and Minori Fukushima are with Tokoha University, Shizuoka, Japan (e-mail: h-yoshida@av-lab.org).
Uchida Tomoko is with Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.
Akira Nakayama is with Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan.

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Cite: Hiroki Yoshida, Seiji Tani, Tomoko Uchida, Jitsuko Masui, Minori Fukushima, and Akira Nakayama, "Development and Validation of the Online Cooperative Learning Anxiety Scale," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 357-364, 2016.

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