—The study show connections between educational
achievements and efficiency of basic components of executive
functions (EF) understoodas short-term memory, inhibition
control and set shifting. Particular research topics are
concentrated in development of executive functions issue in view
of age (5-, 6 years old). Study based on two groups of children
from preschool class (N = 96) and first grade (N = 97), both
levelled in terms of gender. This project takes into consideration
relationship between EF – school achievements, controlling
socio-economical status and age. Confirmatory variation
analysis indicates good correlation of all investigated factors. In
the second step, execution of Structural Equation Modeling
(SEM) confirms that all three EF factors have significant
influence on school achievements, also assumption about age
finds confirmation in the data. Hypothesis about influence of sex
and SES on school achievement was found insignificant.
—Executive functions, inhibition, school
achievement, switching working memory.
Natalia Józefacka Szram is with the Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of
Special Education, Poland (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Natalia Józefacka Szram, "Children Schooling Achievements in the Course of Early Education and Their Cognitive Development," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 927-933, 2016.