• Aug 06, 2018 News! IJIET Vol. 7, No. 1-No. 8 have been indexed by EI (Inspec).   [Click]
  • Oct 10, 2018 News!Vol. 8, No. 12 issue has been published online!   [Click]
  • Sep 11, 2018 News!Vol. 8, No. 11 has been indexed by Crossref.
General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-3689
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref and ProQuest
    • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net
Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
QUniversity, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJIET. The journal publishes good-quality papers which focous on the advanced researches in the field of information and education technology. Hopefully, IJIET will become a recognized journal among the scholars in the related fields.

IJIET 2017 Vol.7(4): 291-296 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2017.7.4.883

Sustainability of e-Learning Environment: Can Social Presence Be Enhanced by Multimedia?

Hwang-Ji Lu
Abstract—With the exponential development of Internet, distance learning has become an alternative means of taking a course or earning a degree. Social presence is a critical factor for forming and sustaining learning communities that support deeper learning through knowledge sharing. Social presence does not happen spontaneously and is in need of cultivation. This paper explores a review of the literature on social presence and the use of multimedia in distance education. The review of literature indicates that the advent of technological innovation in communications provides new mechanisms and opportunities in the distance learning environment. The findings from the literature review suggest that with the integration of multimedia into classrooms, instructors can increase social presence, enrich student’s learning experience and raise student’s satisfaction to reduce time and physical barriers existing in the online learning environment.

Index Terms—Distance learning, social presence, multimedia, learning community, adult learner, teaching presence.

Hwang-Ji Lu is with Ashford University, USA (e-mail: hwangji.lu@Ashford.edu).


Cite: Hwang-Ji Lu, "Sustainability of e-Learning Environment: Can Social Presence Be Enhanced by Multimedia?," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 291-296, 2017.

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E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net