• May 03, 2016 News! IJIET Vol. 5, No. 10 has been indexed by EI (Inspec).   [Click]
  • Jun 28, 2017 News!Vol. 7, No. 9 has been indexed by Crossref.
  • Jun 22, 2017 News!Vol. 7, No. 9 issue has been published online!   [Click]
General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-3689
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref and ProQuest
    • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net
Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
University of South Australia, Australia
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJIET. The journal publishes good papers which focous on the advanced researches in the field of information and education technology. Hopefully, IJIET will become a recognized journal among the scholars in the filed of information and education technology.
IJIET 2017 Vol.7(9): 641-649 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2017.7.9.946

Creating Pathways to Literacy Learning; A Comparative Approach Using Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) Analysis

William Kofi Koomson
Abstract—This study used hierarchical linear modeling to compare two literacy programs in the United States. I explored the relationship between community stand alone literacy programs and family literacy programs to ascertain the impact of learner participation and outcome. This study hypothesized that the family literacy program emphasizes active learning through social interaction, which promotes bonding and bridging social capital; and that participating in the family literacy programs enhances learning and learners’ achievement in standardized test scores. The study population covered 3,700 adults and 4,000 children who participated in the adult basic education programs in Pennsylvania, U.S. The result provided enough statistical differences in the comparative mean and standard deviations scores between the two literacy programs. Consequently, this led me to reject the null hypothesis in favor of the alternative that students who participated in the Family Literacy programs with high bonding and bridging social capital did have higher achievement scores than Community ABE/GED programs.

Index Terms—Adult basic education, persistence in literacy education, social capital, social practices of the classroom.

The author is the Executive Director for the Center for Adult and Distance Education at Valley View University, Ghana (e-mail: wkk109@yahoo.com).

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Cite: William Kofi Koomson, "Creating Pathways to Literacy Learning; A Comparative Approach Using Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) Analysis," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 641-649, 2017.

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