Abstract—As assessment is one of the important pillars of the
learning process, and e-assessment has become an essential part
of education systems. E-assessment developed to address some
of the limitations and problems of a paper-test. In last the 10
years, E-assessment has improved in developed countries such
as UK. In contrast, in Saudi Arabia, one of the developing
countries, less attention is still paid to accept and use of
E-assessment and research which discusses E-assessment issues
in Saudi Arabia is limited. This paper aims to investigate the
factors that has an effect on academics use of E-assessment in
Saudi universities. Last study by Alruwais et al.  has
developed the Model of Acceptance and Usage of E-assessment
(MAUE) that has derived from the Decomposed Theory of
Planned Behaviour model (DTPB), other theories and models,
which investigate the user acceptance and use of ICT, and other
related studies. The model consists of the following factors:
attitude (perceived ease to use, perceived usefulness, and
compatibility), subjective norm (peer influence and superior
influence) and perceived behavioural control factors
(self-efficacy, resource facilitating conditions, and IT support).
Age and gender are also included to the proposed model as
moderating factors. In order to refine these factors, interviews
were conducted with experts. The results of the interviews show
that attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioural
control and its related sub-factors have an influence on
academics’ intention to use E-assessment. However, experts
suggested removing gender and keeping age as a moderating
factor. Furthermore, the experts recommended adding
awareness of E-assessment as a sub-factor under the attitude
factor and including the availability of a security system in the
resource facilitating conditions sub-factor.
Index Terms—E-assessment, e-exam, electronic exam, online exam.
The authors are with University of Southampton, UK (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite: Nuha Alruwais, Gary Wills, and Mike Wald, "Validating Factors That Impact the Acceptance and Use of e-Assessment among Academics in Saudi Universities," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 716-721, 2017.