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IJIET 2021 Vol.11(2): 73-81 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2021.11.2.1492

Are Emotions Important for College Teachers’ Intentions to Use the Online Learning System? An Integrated Model of TAM and PAD

Yiming Qu and I-Hua Chen

Abstract—Project based learning(PBL) is an innovative instructional strategy focusing on practice and participation, which emphasizes problem solving and integrates a variety of authentic learning approaches. As such, PBL is an appropriate instructional strategy to realize "learner-centered" and "ability-centered" education. As the core of teaching, whether teachers are willing to use the online system for PBL has become a key factor. Based on this, to investigate the influence of teachers' emotions on their intention to use the PBL online system is helpful to improve teachers' teaching. Using 196 Taiwan college teachers attending the workshops of PBL online system as the participants, this study combined TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) with PAD (pleasure, arousal, dominance) to propose a new, integrated model to clarify the impact of teachers’ emotions on the intentions to use the PBL online system. The results showed that: Among the original TAM, the variables of perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use were positive to the attitude and the attitude was positive to the intention of using the PBL online system; For the variables of PAD, the variables of pleasure and arousal were positive to the attitude and the variable of dominance was positive to the variable of perceived ease of use.

Index Terms—Emotion, project based learning online system, technology acceptance model.

Yiming Qu is with the Department of Educational Management, Krirk University, Bangkok, Thailand. He is also with Zhengzhou Shengda University of Economics and Trade Management College, China (e-mail: yimingqym@163.com).
I-Hua Chen is with Chinese Academy of Education Big Data, Qufu Normal University, Shandong, China (e-mail: aholechen@gmail.com).


Cite: Yiming Qu and I-Hua Chen, "Are Emotions Important for College Teachers’ Intentions to Use the Online Learning System? An Integrated Model of TAM and PAD," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 73-81, 2021.

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Jon-Chao Hong
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2023: 2.8), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net
  • Article Processing Charge: 800 USD


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