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IJIET 2021 Vol.11(5): 235-241 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2021.11.5.1517

A Sequential Explanatory Investigation of TPACK: Malaysian Science Teachers‟ Survey and Perspective

You Eng Chieng and Choon Keong Tan

Abstract—Like several other countries, Malaysia sees information and communications technology (ICT) as a potential tool for improving education quality. However, there is a shortage research examining the knowledge of Malaysia secondary school teachers in science ICT integration. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the secondary science teachers of Malaysia at exploring their perceptions of ICT integration regarding Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK), which focused on quantitative findings supported by qualitative findings. This sequential explanatory approach aims to examine the views of science teachers regarding technology integration with respect to TPACK. The study included 219 survey respondents and 3 interview participants. For the quantitative data analysis, descriptive statistics and multiple regression were used, while a thematic method was performed for the qualitative data analysis. The results indicate that the understanding of science teachers regarding their technology-based knowledge is lower than that of non-technology awareness, both pedagogical and content awareness. Furthermore, interview results show about the technology integration related to TPACK, namely, type of ICT used, pedagogy of teaching, content knowledge and the purpose of ICT integration. The results address implications for professional development and programme accreditation for the secondary school science teachers.

Index Terms—Science teachers, TPACK, Integration of ICT.

The authors are with the Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia (e-mail: yechieng@gmail.com, e-mail: cktanums@gmail.com).


Cite: You Eng Chieng and Choon Keong Tan, "A Sequential Explanatory Investigation of TPACK: Malaysian Science Teachers‟ Survey and Perspective," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 235-241, 2021.

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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