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IJIET 2021 Vol.11(5): 248-254 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2021.11.5.1519

Benefits and Challenges of Applying Computational Thinking in Education

Noor Desiro Saidin, Fariza Khalid, Rohanilah Martin, Yogeswary Kuppusamy, and Nalini A/P Munusamy

Abstract—Computational thinking (CT) is one of the skills or processes needed in computer science. However, these skills can also be integrated into any field in education. The objective of this literature review is to study the benefits and challenges of computational thinking (CT) in education. This literature review is analyses 55 references obtained from various sources, based on predefined keywords. The references were then analysed using NVivo software to code them according to several main points. Based on the literature review, there are many benefits of computational thinking in education, including increasing critical and analytical thinking among students, cultivating CT skills in STEM education among students, improving pedagogy and curriculum, and fostering CT skills through game-based learning (GBL). However, there are some challenges facing the implementation of computational thinking in the field of education. These include teachers’ understanding of computational CT, lack of confidence, lack of the skills required to implement CT, and students’ acceptance of CT. In order to overcome these challenges, there are two important aspects to consider: ensuring teachers’ level of knowledge and level of readiness about CT is high. It is hoped that this literature review will be able to provide educators with an understanding of the extent to which CT is able to shape education to be more creative and meaningful.

Index Terms—Computational thinking, benefits, education, CT.

The authors are with the Faculty of Education Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia (e-mail: dessyro90@gmail.com, fariza.khalid@ukm.edu.my, ielawaniela@gmail.com, yoges750306@gmail.com, mnalina1977@gmail.com).


Cite: Noor Desiro Saidin, Fariza Khalid, Rohanilah Martin, Yogeswary Kuppusamy, and Nalini A/P Munusamy, "Benefits and Challenges of Applying Computational Thinking in Education," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 248-254, 2021.

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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