Abstract—For higher education institutions that encourage
digital transformation, understanding the barriers are
necessary for the digital transformation accomplishment. The
purpose of this paper is to present a review of the literature on
barriers to digital transformation in higher education. To get a
wide overview in identifying the barriers to the implementation
of digital transformation, a structured literature review was
used to select the relevant studies published. Nine categories
were identified based on the literature reviewed: vision,
strategy and policy, resources, leadership, digital skill and
knowledge, technology, adaptability, resistance to change, and
government and economic. Our findings provided a fish-bone
diagram that outlines twenty-two barriers to digital
transformation in higher education. The main contribution of
this study is a synthesis of the state of the art of barriers to
digital transformation in higher education. We contribute to
provide a common basic understanding of barriers to digital
transformation in higher education to overcome barriers for
improving the possibility of success. Moreover, we give an
insight into future research on barriers exploration
Index Terms—Digital transformation, digital technology, digital innovation, higher education, policymakers, barriers framework.
B. R. Aditya is with the Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia. He is also with School of Applied Science, Telkom University, Indonesia (corresponding author; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
R. Ferdiana and S. S. Kusumawardani are with the Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Bayu Rima Aditya, Ridi Ferdiana, and Sri Suning Kusumawardani, "Categories for Barriers to Digital Transformation in Higher Education: An Analysis Based on Literature," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 658-664, 2021.Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).