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IJIET 2022 Vol.12(4): 305-312 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2022.12.4.1619

ICARE Approach for Designing Online Learning Module Based on LMS

I Kadek Suartama, Luh Putu Putrini Mahadewi, Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana, and Muhammad Yunus

Abstract—Online learning started with the emergence of internet technology and has been increasingly used during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it has raised many problems, such as limitations in presenting material (monotonous and uninteresting), building activeness and difficulty creating interaction between lecturers and students and between students. Moreover, online learning is more stressful than regular classroom sessions because students have to study alone. The absence of clearly structured learning steps also makes it difficult for them to focus. Therefore, this research aims to develop an independent online learning module with a structured and systematic flow called Introduce, Connect, Apply, Reflect and Extend (ICARE) based on the Learning Management System. Furthermore, it determines the eligibility of the module using a Research and Development (R&D) for Education design involving Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. All stages resulted in an eligible online module with an LMS-based ICARE flow in the Learning Media course. 

Index Terms—ICARE approach, online learning module, LMS.

I Kadek Suartama, Luh Putu Putrini Mahadewi, and Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana are with Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Bali, Indonesia (e-mail: ik-suartama@undiksha.ac.id, lpp-mahadewi@undiksha.ac.id, hendra.divayana@undiksha.ac.id).
Muhammad Yunus is with Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia (e-mail: yunus.msalem@unsyiah.ac.id).


Cite: I Kadek Suartama, Luh Putu Putrini Mahadewi, Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana, and Muhammad Yunus, "ICARE Approach for Designing Online Learning Module Based on LMS," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 305-312, 2022.

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Jon-Chao Hong
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2023: 2.8), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net
  • Article Processing Charge: 800 USD


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