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IJIET 2023 Vol.13(5): 818-824
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2023.13.5.1873

The Effect of Digital Learning of Historical Comics on Students‘ Critical Thinking Skills

Rini Riris Setyowati*, Saefur Rochmat, and Aman

Abstract—Comics provide a visual, inventive, and sequential reading experience for students learning on their own. Both comics and history present narratives in chronological order. Students pay less attention to reading historical literature, requiring them to put more emphasis on their thinking skills. The author intends to determine how historical comic learning affects students’ critical thinking skills. This quasi-experimental mixed-method design included pre- and post-tests and interview group. A total of 184 students were divided evenly between two groups, each consisting of N=92 members: a control group and an experimental group. While members of the control group were taught to read textbooks through online instruction, members of the experimental group read historical comics learning media. The N-Gain test showed the treatment group’s critical thinking skills was 61.8% (Moderate) and the control group’s was 38.2% (Low). The ANOVA findings demonstrated a statistically significant relationship between historical comics learning media and critical thinking skills (F = 49.749; p = 0.000). The results indicate that using historical comics makes reading material more enjoyable, adds intrigue to stories, and improves students’ attention. In order to maximize critical thinking students’ skills, it is important to pay greater attention to the provision of engaging, interactive, and appropriate learning media.

Index Terms—Comic, critical thinking, history learning, learning media

Rini Riris Setyowati is with the Post Graduate Program of Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Saefur Rochmat and Aman are with the Faculty of Social Science of Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
*Correspondence: riniriris.2020@student.uny.ac.id, riniriris456@gmail.com (R.R.S.)


Cite: Rini Riris Setyowati*, Saefur Rochmat, and Aman, "The Effect of Digital Learning of Historical Comics on Students‘ Critical Thinking Skills," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 818-824, 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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