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IJIET 2023 Vol.13(9): 1478-1486
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2023.13.9.1952

The Effect of Using Augmented Reality Module in Learning Geometry on Mathematics Performance among Primary Students

Ainur Yusra Nabila Mohd Nadzri*, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub, and Nurul Nadwa Zulkifli

Manuscript received March 31, 2023; revised May 6, 2023, accepted June 7, 2023.

Abstract—There are many Augmented Reality (AR) applications in smart devices, but their use in education is less focused and does not meet the current syllabus. AR has a great potential to be used in education, especially in introducing abstract concepts. To use augmented reality in education, students and teachers must follow teaching and learning guidelines. Therefore, this study implied the development of an educational module with augmented reality in Geometry, specifically under Space, following the standards-based curriculum for primary school (KSSR) Year 4 lessons. This study aims to determine the effects of using a module with AR (GeomAR3) on student performance in learning Geometry compared to a traditional module (Geom3). This study was conducted quantitatively following a quasi-experimental design with a pre- and post-test. Fifty-nine (59) Year 4 students were involved in the study from a school selected through purposive sampling, with 29 of them as an experimental group and the remaining 30 as a control group. The point of assessing student performance is seen through the implementation instrument, such as a pre-test, a post-test, and a delayed post-test. The study data were analysed using Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) with the pre-test score as a covariate. The results show a significant difference in student performance on the overall mean score for the post-test (F (1,59) = 33.848, p = 0.000; eta squared = 0.377) and the delayed post-test (F (1,59) = 14.740, p = 0.000; eta squared = 0.208), with the experimental group significantly better than the control group. In conclusion, the use of modules with AR was found to improve students’ achievement in learning Geometry due to the factor of the ability to visualize clearly, strengthen students’ long-term memory, and gain conceptual understanding through the experience shown by AR. 

Index Terms—Augmented reality, experimental design module, Geometry

Ainur Yusra Nabila Mohd Nadzri is with the Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.
Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub is with Faculty of Educational Studies and Institute of Mathematics Research, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. E-mail: afmy@upm.edu.my (A.F.M.A.)
Nurul Nadwa Zulkifli is with Faculty of Humanities, Management and Science, Bintulu Campus, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. E-mail: nurulnadwa@upm.edu.my (N.N.Z.)
*Correspondence: gs61246@student.upm.edu.my (A.Y.N.M.N.)


Cite: Ainur Yusra Nabila Mohd Nadzri*, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub, and Nurul Nadwa Zulkifli, "The Effect of Using Augmented Reality Module in Learning Geometry on Mathematics Performance among Primary Students," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 1478-1486, 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Jon-Chao Hong
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2023: 2.8), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net
  • Article Processing Charge: 800 USD


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