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IJIET 2023 Vol.13(10): 1513-1519
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2023.13.10.1956

An Investigation of Affective Factors Influencing Computational Thinking and Problem-Solving

Hyunchang Moon and Jongpil Cheon*

Abstract—This study investigated the effects of affective factors on computational thinking and problem-solving. Computer science subjects are becoming part of the regular curricula in K-12 and higher education to enhance computational problem-solving skills. However, affective factors influencing computational thinking skills and computational thinking components predicting problem-solving skills have yet to be fully explored. This paper proposed a conceptual model to predict (a) four affective factors that influence computational thinking self-efficacy and (b) six computational thinking components that affect problem-solving self-efficacy. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze self-report data from college students to examine the direct relationships among study variables. The findings showed that two affective factors (i.e., programming self-efficacy and computer science usefulness) significantly predicted computational thinking self-efficacy and influenced problem-solving self-efficacy. Also, two computational thinking components (i.e., algorithm and debugging) were the significant determinants of problem-solving self-efficacy. The results validate the importance of affective factors in computer science education and suggest specific computational thinking activities that should be emphasized in computer science curricula to facilitate problem-solving skills.

Index Terms—Affective factors, computational thinking, computer science education, block-based programming

Hyunchang Moon is with the Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, USA. E-mail: hymoon@augusta.edu (H.M.)
Jongpil Cheon is with the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, USA.
*Correspondence: jongpil.cheon@ttu.edu (J.C.)


Cite: Hyunchang Moon and Jongpil Cheon*, "An Investigation of Affective Factors Influencing Computational Thinking and Problem-Solving," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1513-1519, 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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