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IJIET 2023 Vol.13(11): 1672-1680
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2023.13.11.1976

Choosing Relevant Internet-Assisted Approaches for Professional Development Courses

Lili Mutiary* and Christina Lim-Ratnam

Manuscript received December 20, 2022; revised January 10, 2023; accepted February 9, 2023.

Abstract—Online teaching and learning for the professional development of workers in service is ever pervasive and continually growing. Yet, studies of learning with technology are mostly conducted in K-12, pre-service, or higher education settings resulting in a lack of attention given to the professional development. In addition, most studies are investigating learners instead of instructors, even though the latter are reportedly struggling in conducting online teaching. One of the struggles instructor faces includes choosing effective technologically enhanced pedagogy that are in line with the learning contents and intents. This study aims to alleviate the issue by investigating online learning in a professional development context, particularly one in a government institution such as the Financial Education and Training Agency (FETA) under the Indonesian Ministry of Finance. By analyzing curriculum documents known as program syllabi of 148 online courses conducted by FETA, informed by a prevailing theory of adopting educational technology known as the Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition (SAMR) model, the study found the majority of courses were under Substitution category for uses of technology, followed by Modification and Augmentation categories. Redefinition category had the least number of courses. Characteristics of each use of technology are explained in the Findings and Discussion section. It is hoped that the uses of technology explicated in this study will be useful for guiding the practice of crafting a defensible curriculum for online learning in professional development contexts.

Index Terms—Online learning, online teaching, professional development, SAMR

Lili Mutiary is with the National Institute of Education (NIE), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. She is also with the Secretariat of Financial Education and Training Agency (FETA), Indonesian Ministry of Finance (MOF), South Jakarta, Indonesia.
Christina Lim-Ratnam is with the National Institute of Education (NIE), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. E-mail: christina.ratnam@nie.edu.sg (C.L.R.)
*Correspondence: NIE20.LM1167@e.ntu.edu.sg (L.M.)


Cite: Lili Mutiary* and Christina Lim-Ratnam, "Choosing Relevant Internet-Assisted Approaches for Professional Development Courses," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 1672-1680, 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Jon-Chao Hong
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2023: 2.8), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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