Abstract—This study was undertaken in order to investigate
the difference in attitude towards women in managerial position
between male and female employees. It is a comparative study
in which 50 employees including 25 male and 25 female
participated as a sample. The minimum educational
qualification was graduation. After taking their consent they
were individually requested to fill in the demographic data
sheet, followed by Attitudes toward Women as Managers
(ATWAM) Scale. For statistical analysis t’test was applied,
which indicates that there is no significant difference between
males and females in their attitude towards women managers in
Pakistan. Supplementary findings reveal that males residing in
joint families have significantly negative sex-role stereotypes
towards women as managers whereas males residing in nuclear
families possess a neutral attitude towards women as managers.
Further males having working mothers as well has significant
positive attitude towards woman managers as compared to
males having mothers who are housewives.
Index Terms—Attitude, women, managers, employee, negative sex-role, stereotypes.
The authors are with the Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi, 118 Block 20, Abul Asar Hafiz Jalindhri road, Gulistan-e-Jauhar, Karachi, Pakistan (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Uzma Ali, Ayesha Khan, and Seema Munaf, "Attitudes toward Women in Managerial Position in Pakistan: A Comparative Study," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 373-377, 2013.