Home > Archive > 2013 > Volume 3 Number 3 (Jun. 2013) >
IJIET 2013 Vol.3(3): 373-377 ISSN: 2010-3689
DOI: 10.7763/IJIET.2013.V3.301

Attitudes toward Women in Managerial Position in Pakistan: A Comparative Study

Uzma Ali, Ayesha Khan, and Seema Munaf

Abstract—This study was undertaken in order to investigate the difference in attitude towards women in managerial position between male and female employees. It is a comparative study in which 50 employees including 25 male and 25 female participated as a sample. The minimum educational qualification was graduation. After taking their consent they were individually requested to fill in the demographic data sheet, followed by Attitudes toward Women as Managers (ATWAM) Scale. For statistical analysis t’test was applied, which indicates that there is no significant difference between males and females in their attitude towards women managers in Pakistan. Supplementary findings reveal that males residing in joint families have significantly negative sex-role stereotypes towards women as managers whereas males residing in nuclear families possess a neutral attitude towards women as managers. Further males having working mothers as well has significant positive attitude towards woman managers as compared to males having mothers who are housewives.

Index Terms—Attitude, women, managers, employee, negative sex-role, stereotypes.

The authors are with the Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi, 118 Block 20, Abul Asar Hafiz Jalindhri road, Gulistan-e-Jauhar, Karachi, Pakistan (e-mail: uzma_kamranali@yahoo.com, ayesha.k.mail@gmail.com, drseemamunah@hotmail.com).


Cite:Uzma Ali, Ayesha Khan, and Seema Munaf, "Attitudes toward Women in Managerial Position in Pakistan: A Comparative Study," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 373-377, 2013.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


Article Metrics in Dimensions