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IJIET 2014 Vol.4(3): 264-269 ISSN: 2010-3689
DOI: 10.7763/IJIET.2014.V4.410

Meditation Effect on Human Brain Compared with Psychological Questionnaire

Mingqian Liu and Nugraha Priya Utama

Abstract—Mindfulness meditation has been taken as a method to release the short and long terms of stress and anxiety. A questionnaire was investigated to measure the effect of mental change as well as the changing of brain signals while doing the mindfulness meditation. Ten healthy-young participants were recruited to investigate the effect of mindfulness meditation compare with self-relaxation. Brain activities from participants were recorded during practicing mindfulness meditation using Electroencephalogram (EEG) with 10-20 system of electrode placements. A questionnaire with 30 questions was applied to estimate meditation depth. The differences between self-relaxation and mindfulness-meditation were analyzed according to meditation depth and brain activities recorded with EEG. Compared with self-relaxation, mindfulness-meditation reduces hindrance and increases the level of relax. Although subjects were subjectively unaware of the calmness during mindfulness-meditation practice, compared with self-relaxation, the recorded data suggested that mindfulness meditation reduces the short term induced tension, indicated by the significant increment of theta and alpha power spectrum of brain activities along the time.

Index Terms—Alpha rhythm, theta rhythm, meditation depth, stress reduction.

Mingqian Liu and Nugraha Priya Utama are with the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310 Malaysia (mingqian.liu@tu-ilmenau.de, utama@biomedical.utm.my).


Cite: Mingqian Liu and Nugraha Priya Utama, "Meditation Effect on Human Brain Compared with Psychological Questionnaire," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 264-269, 2014.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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