Abstract—Visualization tool has been proven useful in
enhancing novice programmer’s learning. Despite the large
number of studies performed on visualization tools, it appears
to be very few using it to assist students in understanding the
fundamental concept of hardware software interfacing
programming. Therefore, in this study, a program visualization
(PV) kit was developed with the main objective is as a practical
hands-on learning kit for novice in exploring and gaining basic
skills of hardware software interfacing in visual environment.
The ADDIE instructional design model was utilized in the
design process; which consists of five principal phases namely,
analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation.
The development processes was grounded on Cognitive Load
Theory, Models of Human Memory and educational principles
to ensure the maximum effectiveness of learning. The PV kit
consist hardware visualization and software visualization. The
hardware visualization is an external device that can be
connected to the USB port, where the learners can visualize the
input and output result from the task stimulated by the
software. The software visualization contains main learning
activities that have been organized from simple to complex
tasks. It is expected that the PV kit could be benefited by the
students in developing the basic skills of hardware software
Index Terms—Hardware software interfacing, instructional, programming, visualization.
Siti Rosminah M. D. Derus and Ahmad Zamzuri Mohamad Ali are with Faculty of Art, Computing and Creative Industry, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, 35900, Perak, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Siti Rosminah M. D. Derus and Ahmad Zamzuri Mohamad Ali, "Development of Hardware-Interfacing Learning Kit for Novice Learning Programming," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 647-651, 2016.