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IJIET 2017 Vol.7(11): 803-808 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2017.7.11.976

Learning SQL with Artificial Intelligent Aided Approach

Tadej Matek, Aljaž Zrnec, and Dejan Lavbič

Abstract—Efficient data manipulation and retrieval is a fundamental part of many business processes in the majority of todays’ companies. SQL, as a standard, is widely adopted and well accepted in this area. Students who set out to learn SQL frequently face difficulties. The learning process is to some extent inefficient, as the student’s knowledge is afterwards often inadequate. Several computer-aided systems have been developed to alleviate the problem. However, most of them are static and rigid, because the system’s knowledge is encoded manually. We propose a new system based on past attempts and solutions to SQL exercises. The proposed system is flexible and dynamic, as it adapts to the individual student and requires minimal intervention from domain experts. We show that the system is beneficial, in particular to students with low prior knowledge.

Index Terms—Intelligent tutoring systems, SQL learning, Markov Decision Processes, adaptive hint generation.

Tadej Matek is with the Faculty of Computer and Information Science, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Aljaž Zrnec and Dejan Lavbič are with the Laboratory for Data Technologies, Slovenia (e-mail: Dejan.Lavbic@fri.uni-lj.si).


Cite: Tadej Matek, Aljaž Zrnec, and Dejan Lavbič, "Learning SQL with Artificial Intelligent Aided Approach," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 803-808, 2017.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Jon-Chao Hong
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2023: 2.8), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net
  • Article Processing Charge: 800 USD


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