IJIET 2018 Vol.8(9): 668-671 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2018.8.9.1119

Does Length Limitation Promote Planning Activity during the Initial Planning Phase in L2 Essay Writing by University Students?

Hideyuki Sakihama

Abstract—The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of length limitation on the degree of planning activity, especially during the initial planning phase, in L2 essay writing. A total of 16 undergraduate and graduate students (3 males and 13 females, mean age = 20.75 years, age range = 18-25) participated in this study. All of them spoke Dutch (including Flemish) as their first language, and English as their second language. Participants took part in three sessions, in which they were asked to write an essay in English (L2) of 150 words, 300 words, and 600 words, respectively. All participants engaged in some kind of planning in the initial planning phase, and subsequently wrote the essay (writing phase). A questionnaire regarding planning activity and cognitive load was administered soon after finishing each phase. The results showed that (1) the degree of planning activity was highest in the 600-word condition, (2) the degree of planning activity was higher in the writing phase than in the initial planning phase, and (3) cognitive load was higher in the writing phase than in the initial planning phase.

Index Terms—Length limitation, planning activity, L2 essay writing.

Hideyuki Sakihama is with the Department of Economics, Hannan University, Matsubara, Osaka, Japan (e-mail:sakihama@hannan-u.ac.jp).

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Cite: Hideyuki Sakihama, "Does Length Limitation Promote Planning Activity during the Initial Planning Phase in L2 Essay Writing by University Students?," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 668-671, 2018.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), EI(INSPEC, IET), EBSCO, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref, etc.
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net