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IJIET 2020 Vol.10(1): 62-66 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2020.10.1.1340

Determining Students’ Learning Outcomes in Basic Education: A Proposed CPD for Teachers

Cecilia Junio-Sabio, Monaliza M. Manalo, and Florinda G. Vigonte

Abstract—This paper concerns the learning outcomes of the students’ in basic education in the subjects Science and Mathematics as a basis for a proposed Continuing Professional Development (CPD) for teachers in Diliman Elementary School (DES) in the Philippines. It employs document analysis of the Mean Percentage Score (MPS) of the National Achievement Test results for a five-year period from 2013-2018. Results show that learning outcomes in Science per Grade/Level is increasing as reflected by their mean of 78.82, 80.22, 81.01, 81.71, 81.92, and 82.30 respectively but per school year, the result was generally declining. For Mathematics, learning outcomes vary. It can be noted that there is an increase in performance for Grades I, II, IV and V. However, learning performance for Grades III and VI decreases. As per School Year (SY), learning outcomes in Mathematics reported a diminishing pattern, aggregate performance decreases as the year progresses. It can be safely concluded from the results of the study that learning outcomes in basic curriculum is declining as time advances. A Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Plan was proposed and highly recommended for implementation.

Index Terms—Basic education, continuing professional development (CPD), learning outcomes, teachers.

C. J. Sabio is with the Graduate School, De La Salle Araneta University and University of the City of Manila, Philippines (e-mail: vpcfjs@gmail.com).
M. M. Manalo is with the Department of Education. She is now with the Diliman Elementary School, Philippines (e-mail: monalizammanalo27@gmail.com).
F. G. Vigonte is with the Bulacan State University, Philippines (e-mail: florvigonte@yahoo.com).

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Cite: Cecilia Junio-Sabio, Monaliza M. Manalo, and Florinda G. Vigonte, "Determining Students’ Learning Outcomes in Basic Education: A Proposed CPD for Teachers," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 62-66, 2020.

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2021: 1.3), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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