IJIET 2020 Vol.10(2): 140-145 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2020.10.2.1353

The Relationship between Critical Thinking and Knowledge Acquisition: The Role of Digital Mind Maps-PBL Strategies

Nurkhairo Hidayati, Siti Zubaidah, Endang Suarsini, and Henry Praherdhiono

Abstract—Critical thinking is rational and reflective thinking involved in decision making. Knowledge acquisition refers to the level achieved by students in understanding the materials and meaning of the learning context. Critical thinking and knowledge acquisition can be enriched through applications of relevant learning strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between critical thinking and knowledge acquisition in the process of implementing Digital Mind Maps-Problem Based Learning (Digital Mind Maps-PBL). The learning process was conducted to students from Universitas Islam Riau, Indonesia, who were enrolled in the even semester of 2018 in biology education department . The instrument used to measure the students’ critical thinking and knowledge acquisition, that was in the form of essay tests, had been confirmed valid by the result of the Pearson Product Moment analysis. The reliability test using Cronbach's Alpha also showed that this instrument was reliable for measuring critical thinking and knowledge acquisition (correlation coefficients are 0.837 and 0.872, respectively). The results of the study indicated that critical thinking and knowledge acquisition were correlated with a value of 0.861 and a determination coefficient of 0.742, where Y = 1.215X – 4.323. It can be concluded that Digital Mind Maps-PBL strategies can be used to refine students’ critical thinking, which may result in the improvement of students’ knowledge acquisition. Therefore, the implementation of Digital Mind Maps-PBL strategies in the classroom is highly recommended.

Index Terms—Critical thinking, digital mind maps-PBL, knowledge acquisition.

The authors are with Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia and a lecturer at Universitas Islam Riau, Indonesia, 65145, Indonesia (e-mail: khairobo@edu.uir.ac.id, siti.zubaidah.fmipa@um.ac.id, ending.suarsini.fmipa@um.ac.id, henry.praherdhiono.fip@um.ac.id).

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Cite: Nurkhairo Hidayati, Siti Zubaidah, Endang Suarsini, and Henry Praherdhiono, "The Relationship between Critical Thinking and Knowledge Acquisition: The Role of Digital Mind Maps-PBL Strategies," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 140-145, 2020.

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), EI(INSPEC, IET), EBSCO, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref, etc.
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net