Abstract—This paper aims to investigate e-learning
acceptance in Malaysian higher education institutions and the
moderating effect of self-efficacy. This study is crucial as online
and distance learning have grown in all education sectors due to
the COVID-19 pandemic. A valid sample of 414 survey
responses from active students currently enrolled in
undergraduate and postgraduate levels in Malaysian higher
education institutions was collected for data analysis. Structural
Equation Modelling (SEM) was employed in the data analysis.
Results indicate that all four exogenous variables (performance
expectancy, social influence, perceived enjoyment, and
self-efficacy) significantly affect students’ acceptance towards
e-learning. However, only performance expectancy and social
influence are moderated by self-efficacy towards acceptance of
e-learning, as self-efficacy does significantly strengthen the
relationship of performance expectancy and social influence
towards e-learning acceptance. The findings may serve as a
reference point for future studies in response to changing the
learning method preferences and technological advancements.
Index Terms—E-learning, self-efficacy, student acceptance, Malaysian higher education, UTAUT.
Muhammad Safuan Abdul Latip is with the Faculty of Hotel and Tourism Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Terengganu Kampus Dungun, Terengganu, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Masliana Tamrin is with the Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Melaka Kampus Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia (corresponding author; e-mail: email@example.com).
Ismayaza Noh is with the Faculty of Hotel and Tourism Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Selangor Kampus Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Faizatul Akmal Rahim is with the Kolej GENIUS@Pintar Negara, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com).
Siti Nur Nadhirah Abdul Latip is with the Graduate School of Business, Universiti Tun Abdul Razak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Muhammad Safuan Abdul Latip, Masliana Tamrin, Ismayaza Noh, Faizatul Akmal Rahim, and Siti Nur Nadhirah Abdul Latip, "Factors Affecting e-Learning Acceptance among Students: The Moderating Effect of Self-efficacy," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 116-122, 2022.Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).