Abstract—The research aims to develop an analysis of the cognitive load produced by the use of subtitles in multimedia educational material and its relationship with learning. The methodology used for the development of the research presents a qualitative approach of experimental type, the population selected for experimentation is made up of 100 students of the fifth year of secondary school of Regular Basic Education, of which a sample of 45 students was selected through a simple random sampling, which have been divided into 3 groups of 15 students each, four learning sessions are developed using subtitled multimedia videos and without subtitle and a pre test and post test are applied in order to analyze the cognitive load involved in the use of subtitled videos in the learning sessions, the scale standardized by Pass and Van Merrienboer is used. The results show that the application of subtitles in the videos mean a potential proposal in the teaching-learning processes, due to the improvement in learning since 30% of students improve their performance in relation to the initial Pretest, in addition to promoting inclusion through support for people with hearing disabilities, they also represent a constant support material. In conclusion, the application of subtitles in multimedia material is evaluated by the student and the developer, because not all videos are productive to apply them if there are videos where subtitles of an intralinguistic, bilingual and other nature are required; except for situations where the learning condition warrants it.
Index Terms—Analysis, cognitive load, subtitles, videos, multimedia, learning.
The authors are with Facultad de Ciencias de la educación de la Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa, Arequipa-Peru, Peru (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Benjamín Maraza-Quispe, Olga Melina Alejandro-Oviedo, Walter Cornelio Fernandez-Gambarini, Luis Ernesto Cuadros-Paz, Walter Choquehuanca-Quispe, and Eduardo Rodriguez-Zayra, "Analysis of the Cognitive Load Produced by the Use of Subtitles in Multimedia Educational Material and Its Relationship with Learning," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 732-740, 2022.Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).