Abstract—Geography learning with a spatial perspective
should be delivered more openly. Modern geography learning
must be capable of taking advantage of social space as a
learning experience, with students' spatial citizenship skills by
utilizing geomedia technology and geographic information
system. The SIHyL model is projected to respond to these
challenges. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of
SIHyL model in improving students’ spatial citizenship. SIHyL
model, for geography learning, is constructive, inquiry, and
hybrid. SIHyL model is effective in increasing students' spatial
citizenship skills. Effectiveness of the model is proven by the
increase in N-Gain score in every prototype test. In terms of
effectiveness in SIHyL model after the effect size test, the score
of first cycle was 0.809617, while second cycle was 0.706696.
Moreover, the score for first prototype test was 1.098876, while
second prototype test was 1.547322. Based on the results of
effect size test, SIHyL model is effectively applied in geography
learning to improve spatial citizenship skills. Students respond
to the implementation of SIHyL model to increase spatial
citizenship and to show their enthusiasm and satisfaction in
following the learning process.
Index Terms—Spatial inquiry, hybrid learning, spatial citizenship, geography
The authors are with the Educational Sciences Study Program, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia.
*Correspondence: email@example.com (S.P.)
Cite: Singgih Prihadi*, Sajidan, Siswandari, and Sugiyanto, "The Effectiveness of SIHyL (Spatial Inquiry Hybrid Learning) Model in Improving Students’ Spatial Citizenship in Geographic Learning," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 634-642, 2023.Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).