Abstract—VANET (Vehicular adhoc network) research field is growing very fast. It has to serves a wide range of applications under different scenario (City, Highway). It has various challenges to adopt the protocols that can serve in different topology and scenario. This paper presents a comparative study of the adhoc routing protocols. The main objective of Vehicular adhoc networks is to build a robust network among mobile vehicles so that vehicles can talk to each other for the safety of human beings. VANET hits the protocol’s strength due to its highly dynamic features. Thus in testing a protocol suitable for VANET implementation, we have selected different routing protocols. In this paper, an attempt has been made to compare four well-known protocols AODV, DSR, OLSR and DSDV by using three performance metrics packet delivery ratio, average end to end delay and routing overhead. The comparison has been done by using simulation tool NS2 which is the main simulator, Network animator (NAM) and excel graph which is used for preparing the graphs from the trace files.
Index Terms—VANET, MANET, AODV, DSR, OLSR.
The authors are with MAE, Alandi, Pune University, India (e-mail: umanagaraj67@ gmail.com, dhamalpoonam@ gmail.com).
Cite: Uma Nagaraj and Poonam P. Dhamal, "Performance Evaluation of Proactive and Reactive Protocols in VANET," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 434-438, 2012.