—In recent years, higher education in Taiwan has
shifted from elite to universal education. The purpose of this
study was to examine how one might classify higher education
institutions (HEIs) in a system of universal higher education in
Taiwan. A questionnaire was administered to the presidents of
colleges and universities in Taiwan. The major findings were as
follows: 1) “Typology first and evaluation later” was the most
widely-accepted procedure; 2) The most commonly accepted
typology was “research university, teaching university,
community university, and professional university”; 3) The
most suitable procedure was “Universities select the typology,
and evaluation is based on the evaluation items of the typology”;
and 4) The universities themselves should be given the
autonomy to determine the percentage of teaching, research,
and service for evaluation.
—Classification of higher education, higher
education, university president.
Ru-Jer Wang and Syuan-Yi Wu are with the Department of Education,
National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan (e-mail:
Cite: Ru-Jer Wang and Syuan-Yi Wu, "Classification of Universal Higher Education in Taiwan: A Perspective of University Presidents," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 877-883, 2015.