Abstract—Since the 1980s, China has started to carry out the
universal nine-year compulsory education system, a large
number of rural primary schools and junior high schools are
constructed according to the distribution principles of “every
village a primary school” and “every rural township a junior
high school”. Entering the new century, however, these rural
primary and secondary schools are generally facing shortages of
enrolling students, due to the “One-Child Policy” and other
factors. As a result, China has started to restructure the spatial
distribution of rural primary and secondary schools (i.e. school
mapping restructure (SMR)). However, due to the impact of
administrative divisions, natural, cultural and other factors, the
existing methods of adjusting the spatial distribution of rural
primary and secondary schools, which involves simply
destruction and annexation of individual schools proves to be
ineffective, as planning are not systematically carried out.
Consequently, there remains significant difficulty for rural
students to go to school, due to long travelling distance from
home to school, etc. In order to facilitate better planning of the
rural school spatial distribution readjustment process, the
authors examine rural primary and secondary schools spatial
distribution mode at the county level, using the Southeast
Region of Guangxi as an example, according to different natural
conditions. Relying on an analysis of the status quo
administrative structure and school levels, as well as the status
quo school spatial distribution, the authors proposed four (4)
rural primary and secondary school spatial distribution modes
at the county-level, applicable to mountainous regions, plains
with low-lying hills and other natural conditions. The authors
hope to provide a reference for the renewal and improvement of
rural primary and secondary schools distribution at the county
level during China’s nation-wide school readjustment process.
Index Terms—County, rural primary and secondary schools, spatial distribution mode, construction.
Liu Tao is with the Guigang Urban and Regional Planning Committee, Guigang, P.R. China (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Li Baofeng is with the Huazhong University of Science and Technology, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Wuhan, P.R. China (e-mail: email@example.com).
Bi Xiaojia is with Hualan Design and Consulting (Group) Company Limited, No.39 Huadong Road, 24th Floor, Nanning, P.R. China (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Liu Tao, Li Baofeng, and Bi Xiaojia, "County-Level Spatial Distribution Pattern Construction of Rural Primary and Secondary Schools — A Case Study of the Southeastern Region of Guangxi," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 529-533, 2017.