Abstract—COVID-19 outbreak has changed the education
system worldwide including in Indonesia. Face-to-face learning
must be transformed into online learning. This might not be
difficult for those who were familiar with technology, but it
became a big problem for those who were very poor in
technology. Many things have been done by educators to
overcome the problems they experienced during the pandemic
because the distance between students and teachers in carrying
out learning activities could not achieve optimal learning
objectives. This study was conducted to design an effective
learning model for both online and offline learning to improve
students’ critical and creative thinking skills by integrating the
phases of learning which include Communicating, Inquiring,
Networking, Teaching, and Applying (CINTA). This CINTA
learning model was developed to enable teachers to coordinate
and network during the learning activities. The results showed
that the CINTA learning model could develop students' critical
and creative thinking skills in the learning process. This model
provides students with the opportunity to be creative in
learning and to develop their critical thinking skills.
Furthermore, this study implies that educators should consider
implementing this learning model in the classroom to improve
students’ critical thinking skills.
Index Terms—Critical thinking, communicative, learning model.
Ida Ayu Made Sri Widiastuti, Ni Wayan Krismayani, Ni Made Wersi Murtini, Ida Bagus Nyoman Mantra are with Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Heru Sukoco is with Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, IPB University, Indonesia.
Cite: Ida Ayu Made Sri Widiastuti, Ni Wayan Krismayani, Ni Made Wersi Murtini, Ida Bagus Nyoman Mantra, and Heru Sukoco, "Communication, Inquiring, Networking, Teaching, Applying (CINTA) as an Effective Learning Model to Improve Students‟ Critical and Creative Thinking Skills," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1337-1344, 2022.
Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).