Abstract—The objective of this research is to evaluate the impact of using the simulators on students’ achievement of competencies, such as: Inquire, through scientific methods to build knowledge. The methodology used consisted of qualitative research whose data collection was carried out through an experiment with interactive Physics Educational Technology (PhET) simulators. The experiment was carried out through a simple random sampling of 25 students from a population of 100 students of physics subjects. With this sample, four learning sessions were developed using the PhET interactive simulator, which were implemented in a way that helped the development of skills according to learning indicators oriented to the achievement of the competence, Inquire, through scientific methods to build knowledge. A pretest and a posttest were applied. The results of the study show the benefits of the use of simulators in the teachinglearning processes, contributing to the achievement of the competence inquire, through scientific methods to build knowledge, developing capacities, such as: Problematize situations to inquire, design strategies to inquire, generate and record data or information, analyze data and information, and evaluate and communicate the process and results of their inquiry. In conclusion, 100% of the students develop inquiry competencies through the development of capabilities.
Index Terms—Competences, research, simulators, teaching, learning
Benjamín Maraza-Quispe, Jorge Luis Torres-Loayza, Grunilda Telma Reymer-Morales, and Diego Alonso Huaracha-Condori are with Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa, Arequipa, Perú.
Jose Luis Aguilar-Gonzales is with Escuela Profesional de Ciencias de la Comunicación de la Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa, Peru.
Edwin Wilber Angulo-Silva is with Facultad de Ingeniería de Sistemas e Informática, Universidad Tecnológica del Perú, Arequipa, Perú.
*Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org (B.M.Q.)
Cite: Benjamín Maraza-Quispe*, Jorge Luis Torres-Loayza, Grunilda Telma Reymer-Morales, Jose Luis Aguilar-Gonzales, Edwin Wilber Angulo-Silva, and Diego Alonso Huaracha-Condori, "Towards the Development of Research Skills of Physics Students through the Use of Simulators: A Case Study," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 1062-1069, 2023.Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).