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IJIET 2024 Vol.14(2): 279-286
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2024.14.2.2049

STEM-Smart Physics E-Module to Promote Conceptual Understanding and 4C Skills of Students

Asrizal1,*, Naurah Nazifah1, Hansi Effendi2, and Helma1
1. Mathematics and Science Faculty, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
2. Engineering Faculty, Universitas Negeri Padang. Indonesia
Email: asrizal@fmipa.unp.ac.id (A.); naurahnazifah13@gmail.com (N.N.); hans_79@ft.unp.ac.id (H.E.); helma_mat@fmipa.unp.ac.id (H.)
*Corresponding author

Manuscript received May 18, 2023; revised June 13, 2023; accepted September 20, 2023; published February 18, 2024

Abstract—The application of communication information in 21st-century learning has become popular to promote various students’ skills. This study investigates the impact of the STEM-integrated smartphone-based physics E-module (STEM-Smart Physics E-Module) to promote students’ conceptual understanding and Communication, Collaboration, Critical Thinking, and Creativity (4C) skills. This research method can be classified into a quasi-experimental method. The research design was based on a post-test-only control group design. Instruments for collecting data consisted of two types: written tests to assess conceptual understanding and performance assessment sheets to assess the three components of students’ 4C skills. The results show that the application of STEM-Smart Physics E-Module positively impacts students’ conceptual understanding and three components of the 4C skills, namely creative thinking, critical thinking, and communication.

Keywords—E-module, smartphone, STEM, conceptual understanding, Communication, Collaboration, Critical Thinking, and Creativity (4C) skills


Cite: Asrizal, Naurah Nazifah, Hansi Effendi, and Helma, "STEM-Smart Physics E-Module to Promote Conceptual Understanding and 4C Skills of Students," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 279-286, 2024.

Copyright © 2024 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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