Abstract—In recent years, higher education in Taiwan has
shifted from elite to universal education. The purpose of this
study was to examine how one might classify higher education
institutions (HEIs) in a system of universal higher education in
Taiwan. A questionnaire was administered to the presidents of
colleges and universities in Taiwan. The major findings were as
follows: 1) “Typology first and evaluation later” was the most
widely-accepted procedure; 2) The most commonly accepted
typology was “research university, teaching university,
community university, and professional university”; 3) The
most suitable procedure was “Universities select the typology,
and evaluation is based on the evaluation items of the typology”;
and 4) The universities themselves should be given the
autonomy to determine the percentage of teaching, research,
and service for evaluation.
Index Terms—Classification of higher education, higher education, university president.
Ru-Jer Wang and Syuan-Yi Wu are with the Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Ru-Jer Wang and Syuan-Yi Wu, "Classification of Universal Higher Education in Taiwan: A Perspective of University Presidents," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 877-883, 2015.