Abstract—The paper presents validation study to determine
psychometric adequacy of a measure of Social Media on
Academic Attainment among university students. A sample of
200 undergraduate students from Northwest University, Kano
was drawn through random sampling. The internal consistency
index of the measure was found satisfactory with 0.76.
Moreover, the instrument demonstrates acceptable
psychometric properties and four distinct factors that reflect the
influence of social media on academic attainment with access to
social media trust being the most important. The Exploratory
Factor Analysis identified four factors labeled as ‘access to
social media’, ‘academic communication’, ‘exposure’ and
‘academic attainment’ explaining 24.11%, 13.50%, 10.30% and
8.69% of the variances respectively. Moreover, the instrument
demonstrates factorial validity, construct validity and structure
of measures of constructs and the four factor solution explains
56.61% total of variance.
Index Terms—Social media, academic attainment, construct, validation, KMO, variance, exploratory factor analysis.
Ahmad Abdullahi Ibrahim and Rabiu Garba Idris are with Faculty of Education International Islamic University, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
A‟isha Hassan Sulaiman is with Faculty of Education, Northwest University, Kano, Nigeria.
Cite: Ahmad Abdullahi Ibrahim, Rabiu Garba Idris, and A‟isha Hassan Sulaiman, "Psychometric Properties of Social Media and Academic Influence Scale (SMAIS) Using Exploratory Factor Analysis," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 15-18, 2017.