IJIET 2020 Vol.10(12): 873-881 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2020.10.12.1473

Relationship among the Urban and Rural Students’ Cooperative Attitude, Creative Task Engagements and Competition Value in Participating a STEAM Co-creation Contest

Jon-Chao Hong, Mei-Lien Chen, Chih-Mei Wang, Jhen-Ni Ye, and Jian-Hong Ye

Abstract—Cooperative learning has been proven to enable learners to have a meaningful learning progression, but research on cooperative learning based on competitive situations is still rare. Therefore, based on the social interdependence theory, this research proposed six research hypotheses and a research model, and conducted a verification analysis through the structural equation model to explore the relationship between cooperative attitude, creative task engagement, and competition value. In order to achieve the research purpose, this study adopted the intentional sampling method, and invited the participants who had participated in the STEAM co-creation contest for urban and rural students in 2019 to complete the questionnaire. After deleting the invalid data, there were 163 active participants, including 114 males (69.9%), 49 females (30.1%), 58 urban school students (35.6%), and 105 rural school students (64.4 %). The mean age was 11.83 years (standard deviation was 1.26 years). The research results showed that the cooperative attitude was positively correlated with the three types of creative task engagement, including behavioral engagement, emotional engagement and cognitive engagement, and the three types of creative task engagement were also positively related with the competition value. From the research results, it could be seen that the STEAM competition in which urban and rural students work together could bring good benefits. In addition to strengthening the communication between students in urban and rural areas, they could also give them a good investment in creative tasks. Based on this, it is suggested that education authorities could increase the cooperative learning opportunities for urban and rural students to participate in this type of STEAM co-creation contest.

Index Terms—PowerTech, STEAM contest, cooperative attitude, creative task engagement, competition value.

Jon-Chao Hong, Mei-Lien Chen, Chih-Mei Wang, and Jian-Hong Ye are with the Department of Industrial Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan (e-mail: tcdahong@gmail.com, lyt129@lygsh.ilc.edu.tw, may@namchow.com.tw, kimpo30107@yahoo.com.tw).
Jhen-Ni Ye is with the Graduate Institute of Technological & Vocational Education, National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan (corresponding author; e-mail: jhen13211321@gmail.com).

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Cite: Jon-Chao Hong, Mei-Lien Chen, Chih-Mei Wang, Jhen-Ni Ye, and Jian-Hong Ye, "Relationship among the Urban and Rural Students’ Cooperative Attitude, Creative Task Engagements and Competition Value in Participating a STEAM Co-creation Contest," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 873-881, 2020.

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (Since 2019), INSPEC (IET), EBSCO, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Crossref, etc.
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net