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IJIET 2022 Vol.12(3): 215-224 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2022.12.3.1607

Structural Equation Modelling of Factors Influencing Users‘ Adoption of Smart Board: A South African University Perspective

Xolile Zincume and Mudaray Marimuthu

Abstract—Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have grown rapidly, becoming an integral part of today’s society and affecting how daily activities are conducted worldwide. They have transformed the education landscape and today’s classrooms have evolved from traditional blackboards to whiteboards and then to smart boards. The smart board technology (SBT) is considered one of the innovative teaching and learning technologies for different levels in education. However, the challenge is the low adoption of the SBT in teaching and learning environments by educators, particularly in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore factors affecting the adoption of smart board technology. Using an extended Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model, a quantitative, cross-sectional survey was utilised to gather data from 224 academics from a South African university. Findings revealed that the adoption of smart board technology at the university is low and smart board features are inadequately used. Additionally, results showed that social influence and attitude toward using technology were significantly the key factors affecting users’ intentions to adopt smart boards. Facilitating conditions had a very strong statistically significant effect on users’ behaviour to use smart boards.

Index Terms—Higher education institutions, information and communication technology, smart board technology, unified theory of acceptance and use of technology.

Xolile Zincume is with Durban University of Technology, South Africa (e-mail: zincumex@dut.ac.za).
Mudaray Marimuthu is with University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (e-mail: marimuthum@ukzn.ac.za).


Cite: Xolile Zincume and Mudaray Marimuthu, "Structural Equation Modelling of Factors Influencing Users‘ Adoption of Smart Board: A South African University Perspective," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 215-224, 2022.

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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