Abstract—The main goal of this literature review is to discuss
the emerging trends, challenges and opportunities in the field of
medical imaging education in Europe due to the Covid-19
pandemic scenario that forced the remodeling of the teaching
and learning process. A bibliographic search was carried out in
the main databases and from resources available in scientific
and professional associations in Europe. Exclusion criteria
included articles without contributions on distance learning or
active learning. Education and training in medical imaging field
had to readapt and the usual opportunities for medical imaging
and radiotherapy (MIR) students to learn in person in the
classroom, lab and clinical settings, had to be quickly
transformed into distance learning opportunities. Thus, online
education became a pedagogical shift from traditional method
to the modern approach of teaching and learning from
classroom to Zoom, from personal to virtual and from seminars
to webinars, leading to the emergence of innovative teaching
models. Moreover, student-centered strategies such as flipped
classroom and game-based learning have been recently applied
in health professions education with positive and very
promising results. In conclusion, due to the pandemic crisis,
MIR educators and students find themselves in the situation
where they felt compelled to embrace the digital academic
experience, allowing the progressive innovation of e-learning.
In this context, game-based learning appears to be effective for
improving knowledge, skills, attitudes and satisfaction and
should be considered as a potential systematic tool in the field of
medical imaging education. Therefore, preparedness of
radiographers depends on the application of effective training
and education methodologies that allows excellent clinical
performance and maintaining high quality and safety standards,
both through undergraduate course and continuous
Index Terms—Radiography education, medical imaging, game-based learning, flipped classroom, e-learning.
Rui Pedro Pereira de Almeida, Bianca Isabel Vicente, António Fernando Abrantes, and Kevin Barros Azevedo are with the University of Algarve, Portugal (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Carlos Alberto da Silva is with University of Évora, Portugal (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Rui Pedro Pereira de Almeida, Carlos Alberto da Silva, Bianca Isabel da Costa Vicente, António Fernando Caldeira Lagem Abrantes, and Kevin Barros Azevedo, "The Paradigm Shift in Medical Imaging Education and Training in Europe," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 326-332, 2022.Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).