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IJIET 2020 Vol.10(2): 146-153 ISSN: 2010-3689
doi: 10.18178/ijiet.2020.10.2.1354

Adults with Parkinson’s Disease Undergoes Exergaming Training to Improve Balance: A Systematic Review

Yu-Tai Wu, Yu-Feng Wu, and Jian-Hong Ye

Abstract—Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease, which is affecting millions of people globally. One common problem in PD patients are postural instability which can lead to balance control impairment. PD patients’ postural instability is currently one of the most difficult challenges the physician encounters when treating the patients with this long duration of disease. However, previous studies have shown that exergaming is a popular treatment for improving balance of PD patients. The purpose of this study was systematic review of exergaming training intervention and outcomes of balance among participants with PD. The search terms “exergaming,” “exergames,” “balance,” “Parkinson’s disease” “Virtual reality” and “Postural instability” were used in three electronic databases, Science direct, Pubmed and Scopus. eleven studies were systematically reviewed using the synthesis matrix. The results indicated that the exergaming training group of PD participants ranged from 1 to 76. The training duration and frequency was between 20 minutes to 60 minutes, one to three times a week, for a period of 6 to 12 weeks. In terms of research methodology, most studies reviewed conducted randomized controlled trial, while two studies administered semi-experimental design and one study conducted single subject experimental design. The results of these studies indicated many benefits of exergaming training among PD participants, such as, balance, gait, fatigue and postural instability. In conclusion exergaming intervention is recommended as postural stability treatment for PD participants. This study may be used as a guide for future reference when designing exergaming balance training for future studies or rehabilitation application.

Index Terms—Postural stability, embodied learning theory, virtual reality, Wii, Xbox.

Yu-Tai Wu is with the Department of Physical Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan (e-mail: tarrywu2005@gmail.com).
Yu-Feng Wu is with the Graduate Institute of Sport, Leisure and Hospitality Management, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan (corresponding author; e-mail: garywu821822@gmail.com).
Jian-Hong Ye is with the Department of Industrial Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan (e-mail: kimpo30107@yahoo.com.tw).


Cite: Yu-Tai Wu, Yu-Feng Wu, and Jian-Hong Ye, "Adults with Parkinson’s Disease Undergoes Exergaming Training to Improve Balance: A Systematic Review," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 146-153, 2020.

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Jon-Chao Hong
  • Managing Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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