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IJIET 2015 Vol.5(7): 512-515 ISSN: 2010-3689
DOI: 10.7763/IJIET.2015.V5.559

Social Comparison as a Motivational Agent among Students

Aharon Yadin

Abstract—This paper describes an experimental study that was performed among undergraduate students in their third year out of four required for their Software Engineering degree. The study's main purpose that stems from Maslow's motivational theory (self-actualization), was to explore possible motivational increase through self-grades comparisons. For that reason, a small Excel tool was provided with relative performance comparison graphs. Each student could enter his or her ID number and receive a two graphs figure. One graph represents the average class grades for all assignments and the second graph represents his or her assignments' grades. All assignments were individualized and personalized, so every student got a different set of assignments. The study revealed that the mechanism employed had a positive effect by increasing the average grades. The students' reflection supported these findings as some students expressed their views regarding the importance of their relative performance. The paper concludes with a discussion on the results and future follow-up directions.

Index Terms—Enhancing students’ motivation, personal and individual assignments, students’ learning accountability.

Aharon Yadin is with the Max Stern Yezreel Valley College (YVC), Yezreel Valley, 19300, Israel (e-mail: aharony@yvc.ac.il).


Cite: Aharon Yadin, "Social Comparison as a Motivational Agent among Students," International Journal of Information and Education Technology vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 512-515, 2015.

General Information

  • ISSN: 2010-3689 (Online)
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Inf. Educ. Technol.
  • Frequency: Monthly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJIET
  • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Steve Thatcher
  • Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Y. Liu
  • Abstracting/ Indexing: Scopus (CiteScore 2022: 2.0), INSPEC (IET), UGC-CARE List (India), CNKI, EBSCO, Google Scholar
  • E-mail: ijiet@ejournal.net


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